New Arrivals · Earth Sciences

April 12, 2017
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Darwin's first theory : exploring Darwin's quest for a theory of earth

April 11, 2017
Wesson, R. L. (Robert L.), author.
New York : Pegasus Books, 2017.
xxi, 457 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Map on end papers.
A peculiar obsession -- Darwin in the field. The lieutenant and the beetle collector ; Field trip with a master : the state of geology ; Setting out : the adventures begin ; The first years of the voyage ; Patagonia : the great workshop of nature ; Maria Graham and the debate on the causes of elevation ; Darwin's earthquake ; The Andes rising ; Coral reefs and the sinking bottom of the sea -- Darwin theorizing. Faith comforts, facts persuade ; The theory comes together ; Extending the theory : the parallel roads of Glen Roy -- Back on Darwin's trail. From uplift to evolution ; From natural selection to plate tectonics ; In the Beagle's wake ; The Chilean earthquake of 2010 ; Now you see them, now you don't ; Reflections : what does it all mean?
"Everybody knows-- or thinks they know-- Charles Darwin, the father of evolution and the man who altered the way we view our place in the world. But what most people do not know is that Darwin was on board the HMS Beagle as a geologist-- not on a mission to examine the land, not flora and fauna. Retracing Darwin's footsteps in South America and beyond, geologist Rob Wesson treks across the Andes, cruises waters charted by the Beagle, hunts for fossils in Uruguay and Argentina, and explores sites of long vanished glaciers in Scotland and Wales. As he follows Darwin's path-- literally and intellectually-- Wesson experiences the land as Darwin did, engages with his observations, and tackles the same questions Darwin had about our ever-changing Earth. Upon his return from his five-year journey aboard the Beagle, after examining the effects of earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and more, Darwin conceived his theory of subsidence and uplift-- his first theory. These concepts and attitudes-- the vastness of time; the enormous cumulative impact of almost imperceptibly slow change; change as a constant feature of the environment-- underlie Darwin's subsequent discoveries in evolution. And this peculiar way of thinking remains vitally important today as we enter the human-dominated Anthropocene age" --Inside jacket.

Climate change : examining the facts

April 6, 2017
Bedford, Daniel, author.
xvi, 214 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
The evidence regarding climate change -- The causes of climate change -- The likely impacts of climate change -- Scientific consensus on climate change -- Responding to climate change.
"The authors of this work examine 35 specific claims that have been made about global climate change by believers and skeptics. These assertions, some true, some false, will guide readers to a much deeper understanding of the extent of climate change; whether any climate change that is taking place is human-caused; whether climate change is likely to be a serious problem in the future; whether scientists agree on the fundamentals of climate change; and whether climate change impacts can be mitigated. Examples of specific issues that are scrutinized and explained in the book include: trends in the extent and condition of Arctic and Antarctic Sea ice packs, the accuracy of climate forecasting models, whether extreme weather events are increasing as a result of climate change, and the benefits and drawbacks of various schemes to limit greenhouse gas emissions"--Publishers website.

Gem : the definitive visual guide

March 13, 2017
New York, New York : DK Publishing, 2016.
440 pages : color illustrations ; 31 cm
Includes index.
Introduction -- Native elements -- Gemstones -- Organic gems -- Rock gems and rocks.
Whether you're interested in fine jewelry or mineralogy, this book provides in-depth information about all the major gem types. The text reveals the riches of the Earth from raw minerals to jewelry pieces. It also explains the science, history, and mythology that surround the gems.

National Geographic pocket guide to the weather of North America

March 8, 2017
Williams, Jack, 1936- author.
178 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 19 cm
What makes weather? -- Clouds -- Precipitation -- Storms -- Pressure, winds & currents -- Obstructions to visibility -- Optical phenomena -- Weather hazards -- Forecasting & measurements.
"This easy-to-use field guide provides the resources to understand the meteorological events that affect us every day. With illustrations and graphics for every topic, this is the go-to book for answers about weather reports and conditions on our increasingly turbulent planet"--Back cover.

Under water ; Under earth

December 5, 2016
Mizielińska, Aleksandra, author.
London : Big Picture Press, 2016.
45, 61 pages : color illustrations ; 38 cm
Titles from separate title pages.
“Contents printed back-to-back and inverted (tête-bêche format).”
Under water -- Under earth.
Hundreds of fascinating facts are waiting to be unearthed in this book from Aleksandra and Daniel Mizielinski, the creative duo behind 'Maps'. Dive below the surface, and find out what happens under the earth and under the water. From early submarines and deep-sea life, to burrowing animals and man-made tunnels - you will never look at the world in the same way again!

A most improbable journey : a big history of our planet and ourselves

December 1, 2016
Alvarez, Walter, 1940- author.
246 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Prologue -- Big history, the Earth, and the human situation -- [1] Cosmos -- From the Big Bang to Planet Earth -- [2] Earth -- Gifts from the Earth -- A planet with continents and oceans -- A tale of two mountain ranges -- Remembering ancient rivers -- [3] Life -- Your personal record of life history -- [3] Humanity -- The great journey -- Being human -- Epilogue -- What was the chance of all this happening? -- Appendix 1: Further resources -- Appendix 2: Figure sources.
"Famed geologist Walter Alvarez expands our view of human history by revealing the cosmic, geologic, and evolutionary forces that have shaped us. Big History, the field that studies the entire known past of our universe to give context to human existence, has so far been the domain of historians. In The Little Book of Big History, geologist Walter Alvarez--best known for his 'Impact Theory' explaining dinosaur extinction--makes a compelling case for a new, science-first approach to Big History. He brings a scientist's view to the human story, from the creation of our universe and our planet, the rise of life, the movement of our continents and its effect on human migration, to humanity's ascendance due to our mastery of Earth's natural resources. Alvarez's illuminating observations and stories will give readers a new appreciation of the events, from the Big Bang to the Bronze Age and beyond, that have led to the human situation. Through entertaining, bite-sized chapters, The Little Book of Big History will send readers out in a thousand different directions to learn more"--Provided by publisher.

Guide to the geology along interstate 70 between Ohio-Indiana boundary and Columbus

November 28, 2016
Hull, Dennis N. (Dennis Nelson), 1948-
[Columbus] : Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, [1993]
1 folded sheet (10 pages) : color illustrations, color maps ; 23 x 10 cm.
"Publication date: 5/93"--Page [10].

The tide : the science and stories behind the greatest force on Earth

October 5, 2016
Aldersey-Williams, Hugh, author.
368 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
"First published in Great Britain under the title 'Tide: the science and lore of the greatest force on Earth'"--Title-page verso.
To view the lazy tide -- Beyond the micromareal -- Shores of ignorance -- No path through water -- Terra infirma -- Thames mud -- Tides of commerce -- A place of resonance -- In great waters -- Nature's free ride -- Into the maelstrom -- Signal and noise -- Diluvion.
"In The Tide, celebrated science writer Hugh Aldersey-Williams weaves together centuries of scientific thinking with the literature and folklore the tide has inspired to explain the power and workings of this most remarkable force."--Provided by publisher.

The atmosphere

September 26, 2016
Schaefer, Vincent J.
Norwalk, Conn : Easton Press, ©1985.
xx, 359 pages, 16 pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm.
Sponsored by the National Audubon Society and the National Wildlife Federation.
Previously published as: A field guide to the atmosphere.

Rocks and minerals

September 26, 2016
Pough, Frederick H.
Norwalk, Conn. : Easton, ©1985.
xix, 317 pages, [92] pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm.
First ed. published as: A field guide to rocks and minerals. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1953.

How to read water : clues and patterns from puddles to the sea : learn to gauge depth, navigate, forecast weather and make other predictions with water

September 13, 2016
Gooley, Tristan, author.
393 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 20 cm
"Originally published in the UK by Sceptre in 2016." -- Copyright page.
Strange beginnings: an introduction -- Launching -- How to see the Pacific in a pond -- Land ripples -- The not so humble puddle -- Rivers and streams -- The rise -- The lake -- The colour of water -- Light and water -- The sound of water -- Reading waves -- The Omani delight: an interlude -- The coast -- The beach -- Currents and tides -- Water at night -- Shipwatching -- Rare and extraordinary -- Uncharted water: an epilogue.
"In his eye-opening books The Lost Art of Reading Nature's Signs and The Natural Navigator, Tristan Gooley helped readers reconnect with nature by finding direction from the trees, stars, clouds, and more. Now, he turns his attention to our most abundant--yet perhaps least understood--resource. Distilled from his far-flung adventures--sailing solo across the Atlantic, navigating with Omani tribespeople, canoeing in Borneo, and walking in his own backyard--Gooley shares hundreds of techniques in How to Read Water,"

Landslides and your property

August 22, 2016
[Indianapolis] : Indiana Geological Survey, [2013]
1 sheet (both sides) : chiefly color illustrations, maps ; 41 x 71 cm, folded to 21 x 10 cm
Panel title.
"Joint project of University of Cincinnati and geological surveys of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana"--Kentucky Geological Survey website.
"The geologic makeup of the area around Cincinnati, Ohio, including southeastern Indiana and northern Kentucky, makes it particularly prone to landslides. This brochure provides guidance on how to look for landslide evidence on a property and how to remediate the problem if necessary. Cracks or depressions in the soil and tilted trees or utility poles may be signs that the soil is unstable. Consulting geologic and soil maps of the area can also provide hints that development might be risky. Steps to take to reduce landslide risks are also included."--Indiana Geological Survey website.

Spies in the Congo : America's atomic mission in World War II

August 10, 2016
Williams, Susan, author.
xxiv, 369 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Introduction: The Manhattan Project and Shinkolobwe -- TETON -- CRISP -- CRUMB -- Chief of Station, Congo -- "Attention! Bloc radioactif!" -- ANGELLA -- "Born secret" -- The mission -- The British opposites -- FLARE -- The cutout -- LOCUST -- "Hotbed of spies" -- Framed -- Collaborating with the Nazis -- A dead shot -- Stehli the detective -- "One minute to midnight" -- Hiroshima -- Atomic spies -- Conclusion: the missing link.

Colored gemstones : the Antoinette Matlins buying guide how to select, buy, care for & enjoy sapphires, emeralds, rubies and other colored gems with confidence and knowledge

August 1, 2016
Matlins, Antoinette Leonard author.
Woodstock, VT : GemStone Press, 2016.
xxi, 242 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

And soon I heard a roaring wind : a natural history of moving air

July 22, 2016
Streever, Bill, author.
New York : Little, Brown and Company, 2016.
308 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
The voyage -- The forecast -- Theorists -- Initial conditions -- The numbers -- The model -- The computation -- Chaos -- The ensemble -- Afloat in the candle's light.
The gnashing teeth of an oncoming storm. Wind-launched missiles and wind-tossed airplanes. Sand dunes and the Dust Bowl, shipwrecks and wind-riding spiders, weather forecasting, wind power, windmills, and wars; on page after page of his brisk and fascinating book, Bill Streever reveals wind's real nature--and its history-shaping force. Seeking a deep immersion in his subject, Streever will go to any extreme. So, after a three-day course, this novice sailor set out on a vintage fifty-year-old sailboat named after Don Quixote's horse, and sailed east from Texas to Guatemala over 43 days and 1000 miles. How better to explore and experience the winds that built empires, the storms that wrecked them, and the surprising history and science of moving air? From history's great violent storms to the impacts of weather on life and business, from wind's energy to its power to give and destroy life, this is a thrilling read.--Adapted from dust jacket.

The oracle of oil : a maverick geologist's quest for a sustainable future

June 17, 2016
Inman, Mason, author.
New York : W.W. Norton & Company, [2016]
xv, 413 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Describes the life and career of the geophysicist and Shell Oil researcher who shocked the scientific community with his brilliance but also with his controversial predictions about the peak and steady decline of American oil production.

Brilliance and fire : a biography of diamonds

June 10, 2016
Bergstein, Rachelle, author.
New York, NY : Harper, [2016]
xvii, 375 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
The buyers: how the American rich came to love diamonds -- The seekers: how one sickly Englishman took over the diamond industry -- The lovers: how young women came to expect diamond rings, part I -- The show-offs: how a single stone bewitched its owners, and captivated America -- The optimists: how the industry survived two World Wars and the Great Depression -- The sellers: how young women came to expect diamond rings, part II -- The queens: how Wallis Simpson earned her diamonds -- The stars: how an advertising agency got diamonds ready for their close-up -- The winners: how Elizabeth Taylor learned to speak Italian -- The meddlers: how little stones got big -- The inventors: how to make a diamond (and provoke De Beers) -- The illusionists: how the magicians protected their tricks -- The masters: how the Australians democratized diamonds -- The stunners: how tough guys started wearing diamonds -- The critics: how a global crisis changed the meaning of 'forever' -- The innovators: how to sell diamonds in a (more) enlightened world.
"Sheds new light on the enticing, often surprising, story of our society?s enduring obsession with the hardest gemstone, offering a fascinating history of its origins and revealing its greatest champions and most colorful enthusiasts. 25,000 first printing,"--NoveList.

Diamonds : the Antoinette Matlins buying guide : how to select, buy, care for & enjoy diamonds with confidence and knowledge

April 28, 2016
Matlins, Antoinette Leonard, author.
Woodstock, Vermont : GemStone Press, 2016.
xx, 259 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

Salt : a world history

April 27, 2016
Kurlansky, Mark, author.
New York : Penguin Books, 2003.
x, 484 pages : illustrations, maps ; 20 cm
A discourse on salt, cadavers, and pungent sources. A mandate of salt -- Fish, fowl, and pharaohs -- Saltmen hard as codfish -- Salt's salad days -- Salting it away in the Adriatic -- Two ports and the prosciutto in between -- The glow of herring and the scent of conquest. Friday's salt -- A Nordic dream -- A well-salted hexagon -- The Hapsburg pickle -- The leaving of Liverpool -- American salt wars -- Salt and independence -- Liberté, egalité, tax breaks -- Preserving independence -- The war between the salts -- Red salt -- Sodium's perfect marriage. The odium of sodium -- The mythology of geology -- The soil never sets on -- Salt and the great soul -- Not looking back -- The last salt days of Zigong -- Ma, la, and Mao -- More salt than fish -- Big salt, little salt.
Explores the role of salt in shaping history, discussing how one of the world's most sought-after commodities has influenced economics, science, politics, religion, and eating customs.

Into the heart of our world : a journey to the center of the earth : a remarkable voyage of scientific discovery

February 9, 2016
Whitehouse, David, author.
xiii, 270 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Originally published as: Journey to the centre of the earth : the remarkable voyage of scientific discovery into the heart of our world. -- London : Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2015.
Includes index.
The archive of the earth -- 'Descend, bold traveller' -- Underworld -- Birthmarks -- The survivors -- The messengers -- Tenham -- The butler and the housekeeper -- Death on the ice -- Superdeep -- The Hansbach -- The pressure principle -- Splinters of the stars -- D-double-prime -- Dark matter -- Borderlands -- Plumes -- 'The old boy beamed upon me' -- The protector -- Magnetic dreams -- The terrella -- Reversal -- Inside the inside -- Stranger in a strange land -- The crystal forest -- Other worlds, other journeys -- Journey's end -- Playthings of the earth.
The journey to the center of the earth is a voyage like no other we can imagine. Over 6300 km below the earth's surface, an extraordinary inner world the size of Mars awaits us. Dive through the molten iron of the outer core and eventually you will reach a solid sphere-- an iron-clad world held within a metal sea and unattached to anything above. At the earth's core is the history of our planet written in temperature and pressure, crystals and minerals. Our planet appears tranquil from outer space. And yet the arcs of volcanoes, the earthquake zones and the auroral glow rippling above our heads are testimony to something remarkable happening inside. For thousands of years, these phenomena were explained in legend and myth. Only in recent times has the brave new science of seismology emerged. One hundred and fifty years after the extraordinary, imaginative feat of Jules Verne's Journey to the center of the Earth, David Whitehouse embarks on a voyage of scientific discovery into the heart of our world. Seismologists today reveal a planet astonishingly buried within a planet. We watch as supercomputers convert signals from the ground into three-dimensional scans of subterranean continents, visit laboratories where scientists attempt to reproduce the intense conditions at the center of the Earth, travel down the throat of a volcano, look into the deepest hole ever drilled, and imagine a voyage through enormous crystals of iron. Whitehouse's enthralling journey vividly charts all we are able to understand about the mysteries of the deep Earth. His book encompasses the history of our planet and the latest findings about its inner core, allowing us to embark on an adventure that brings us closer to the enigma of our existence.

Discovering the deep : a photographic atlas of the seafloor and ocean crust

February 3, 2016
Karson, Jeffrey A.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2015.
xvi, 414 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
Foreword / by Paul J. Fox -- Preface: New views of earth from below the oceans -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Entering the abyss : oceanographic technology -- 2. Earth beneath the sea -- 3. Diversity in seafloor spreading -- 4. Hydrothermal vents -- 5. Submarine volcanism : fire beneath the sea -- 6. Dike intrusion and sheeted dike complexes -- 7. Gabbroic rocks : clues to magmatic processes -- 8. Peridotites : windows into mantle processes -- 9. Future research.
The deep oceans and global seafloor are truly Earth's last frontier: largely unexplored, yet critical to our survival on this planet. This magnificent, full-color volume provides a unique, fascinating view of Earth's seafloor and underlying oceanic crust, beginning with a historical summary of seafloor exploration and its developing technologies. Later chapters discuss the major geological components of Earth's crust and the myriad environments along the global mid-ocean ridges, including active volcanoes, rift zones and hydrothermal vents - Earth's most extreme environments. The authors present simple explanations of how the various geological and hydrothermal features of the seafloor are formed through physical, chemical and biological processes, and also describe the life they host. Supported by online visual and teaching resources, including video clips and images, this book forms an indispensable reference for researchers, teachers and students of marine geoscience, and a visually stunning resource which all oceanographers and enthusiasts will want on their bookshelves.

Meteorology manual : the practical guide to the weather

February 1, 2016
Dunlop, Storm.
Somerset, UK : Haynes Publishing, ©2014.
172 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm
pt. 3. Observing the weather and forecasting. 13. Observations : Surface observations ; Tropospheric observations ; Upper-air observations ; Weather satellites ; Instrumentation ; Critical observations for forecasting ; Plotting observations-- 14. Observing techniques : Measuring angles ; Amateur weather stations -- Useful contacts and further information.
This provides an easy-to-read introduction for newcomers to the subject of meteorology, while providing a sufficient level of detail to prove useful to those who also have a basic understanding of the subject.

The pocket book of weather : entertaining and remarkable facts about our weather

January 29, 2016
Bright, Michael, author.
144 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm
Includes index.

The last volcano : a man, a romance, and the quest to understand nature's most magnificent fury

December 21, 2015
Dvorak, John (John J.), author.
New York : Pegasus Books, 2015.
xxiii, 309 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
Documents the fifty-year career of Thomas Jaggar, the Harvard-educated volcano science pioneer who founded the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, to share insights into his findings about massive volcanoes in such regions as Yellowstone, Alaska, and Hawaii.


November 20, 2015
Hansen, Grace, author.
Minneapolis, Minnesota : Abdo Kids ; [2016]
24 pages : color illustrations ; 24 x 29 cm.
Includes index.

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