New Arrivals · Earth Sciences

April 29, 2016
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Diamonds : the Antoinette Matlins buying guide : how to select, buy, care for & enjoy diamonds with confidence and knowledge

April 28, 2016
Matlins, Antoinette Leonard, author.
Woodstock, Vermont : GemStone Press, 2016.
xx, 259 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

Salt : a world history

April 27, 2016
Kurlansky, Mark, author.
New York : Penguin Books, 2003.
x, 484 pages : illustrations, maps ; 20 cm
A discourse on salt, cadavers, and pungent sources. A mandate of salt -- Fish, fowl, and pharaohs -- Saltmen hard as codfish -- Salt's salad days -- Salting it away in the Adriatic -- Two ports and the prosciutto in between -- The glow of herring and the scent of conquest. Friday's salt -- A Nordic dream -- A well-salted hexagon -- The Hapsburg pickle -- The leaving of Liverpool -- American salt wars -- Salt and independence -- Liberté, egalité, tax breaks -- Preserving independence -- The war between the salts -- Red salt -- Sodium's perfect marriage. The odium of sodium -- The mythology of geology -- The soil never sets on -- Salt and the great soul -- Not looking back -- The last salt days of Zigong -- Ma, la, and Mao -- More salt than fish -- Big salt, little salt.
Explores the role of salt in shaping history, discussing how one of the world's most sought-after commodities has influenced economics, science, politics, religion, and eating customs.

Into the heart of our world : a journey to the center of the earth : a remarkable voyage of scientific discovery

February 9, 2016
Whitehouse, David, author.
©2015
xiii, 270 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Originally published as: Journey to the centre of the earth : the remarkable voyage of scientific discovery into the heart of our world. -- London : Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2015.
Includes index.
The archive of the earth -- 'Descend, bold traveller' -- Underworld -- Birthmarks -- The survivors -- The messengers -- Tenham -- The butler and the housekeeper -- Death on the ice -- Superdeep -- The Hansbach -- The pressure principle -- Splinters of the stars -- D-double-prime -- Dark matter -- Borderlands -- Plumes -- 'The old boy beamed upon me' -- The protector -- Magnetic dreams -- The terrella -- Reversal -- Inside the inside -- Stranger in a strange land -- The crystal forest -- Other worlds, other journeys -- Journey's end -- Playthings of the earth.
The journey to the center of the earth is a voyage like no other we can imagine. Over 6300 km below the earth's surface, an extraordinary inner world the size of Mars awaits us. Dive through the molten iron of the outer core and eventually you will reach a solid sphere-- an iron-clad world held within a metal sea and unattached to anything above. At the earth's core is the history of our planet written in temperature and pressure, crystals and minerals. Our planet appears tranquil from outer space. And yet the arcs of volcanoes, the earthquake zones and the auroral glow rippling above our heads are testimony to something remarkable happening inside. For thousands of years, these phenomena were explained in legend and myth. Only in recent times has the brave new science of seismology emerged. One hundred and fifty years after the extraordinary, imaginative feat of Jules Verne's Journey to the center of the Earth, David Whitehouse embarks on a voyage of scientific discovery into the heart of our world. Seismologists today reveal a planet astonishingly buried within a planet. We watch as supercomputers convert signals from the ground into three-dimensional scans of subterranean continents, visit laboratories where scientists attempt to reproduce the intense conditions at the center of the Earth, travel down the throat of a volcano, look into the deepest hole ever drilled, and imagine a voyage through enormous crystals of iron. Whitehouse's enthralling journey vividly charts all we are able to understand about the mysteries of the deep Earth. His book encompasses the history of our planet and the latest findings about its inner core, allowing us to embark on an adventure that brings us closer to the enigma of our existence.

Discovering the deep : a photographic atlas of the seafloor and ocean crust

February 3, 2016
Karson, Jeffrey A.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2015.
xvi, 414 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
Foreword / by Paul J. Fox -- Preface: New views of earth from below the oceans -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Entering the abyss : oceanographic technology -- 2. Earth beneath the sea -- 3. Diversity in seafloor spreading -- 4. Hydrothermal vents -- 5. Submarine volcanism : fire beneath the sea -- 6. Dike intrusion and sheeted dike complexes -- 7. Gabbroic rocks : clues to magmatic processes -- 8. Peridotites : windows into mantle processes -- 9. Future research.
The deep oceans and global seafloor are truly Earth's last frontier: largely unexplored, yet critical to our survival on this planet. This magnificent, full-color volume provides a unique, fascinating view of Earth's seafloor and underlying oceanic crust, beginning with a historical summary of seafloor exploration and its developing technologies. Later chapters discuss the major geological components of Earth's crust and the myriad environments along the global mid-ocean ridges, including active volcanoes, rift zones and hydrothermal vents - Earth's most extreme environments. The authors present simple explanations of how the various geological and hydrothermal features of the seafloor are formed through physical, chemical and biological processes, and also describe the life they host. Supported by online visual and teaching resources, including video clips and images, this book forms an indispensable reference for researchers, teachers and students of marine geoscience, and a visually stunning resource which all oceanographers and enthusiasts will want on their bookshelves.

Meteorology manual : the practical guide to the weather

February 1, 2016
Dunlop, Storm.
Somerset, UK : Haynes Publishing, ©2014.
172 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm
pt. 3. Observing the weather and forecasting. 13. Observations : Surface observations ; Tropospheric observations ; Upper-air observations ; Weather satellites ; Instrumentation ; Critical observations for forecasting ; Plotting observations-- 14. Observing techniques : Measuring angles ; Amateur weather stations -- Useful contacts and further information.
This provides an easy-to-read introduction for newcomers to the subject of meteorology, while providing a sufficient level of detail to prove useful to those who also have a basic understanding of the subject.

The pocket book of weather : entertaining and remarkable facts about our weather

January 29, 2016
Bright, Michael, author.
©2013
144 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm
Includes index.

The last volcano : a man, a romance, and the quest to understand nature's most magnificent fury

December 21, 2015
Dvorak, John (John J.), author.
New York : Pegasus Books, 2015.
xxiii, 309 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
Documents the fifty-year career of Thomas Jaggar, the Harvard-educated volcano science pioneer who founded the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, to share insights into his findings about massive volcanoes in such regions as Yellowstone, Alaska, and Hawaii.

Tornadoes

November 20, 2015
Hansen, Grace, author.
Minneapolis, Minnesota : Abdo Kids ; [2016]
24 pages : color illustrations ; 24 x 29 cm.
Includes index.

Thunder and lightning

November 20, 2015
Hansen, Grace, author.
Minneapolis, MN : Abdo Kids, 2016.
24 pages : color illustrations ; 29x24.
Includes index.

Rain

November 20, 2015
Hansen, Grace, author.
Minneapolis, Minnesota : Abdo Kids ; [2016].
24 pages : color illustrations ; 24 x 29 cm.
Includes index.

Thunder & lightning : weather past, present, future

October 29, 2015
Redniss, Lauren, author, artist.
©2015
261 pages : color illustrations ; 30 cm
Focusing on the intricate nature of the world around us, as well as the personal relationship we all have to the weather, a National Book Award finalist and visionary writer combining personal stories with history, interviews, scientific research and full-color photos explores the transformative power of weather. --Publisher

Red planet

September 25, 2015
Sparrow, Giles, 1970- author.
©2015
144 pages : chiefly color illustrations ; 29 cm
Includes index.
"A fresh look at extraordinary Mars."--Cover.
Introduction -- The discovery of Mars -- First reconnaissance -- Mapping the red planet -- Curiosity and its kin -- Onward to Mars.
"Mars has always dominated our imagination--and now we are discovering more and more about the reality of the Red Planet. Lush and authoritative, this fascinating guide brings Mars to vivid life through incredible images (some never before published) taken from the Mars rovers, manned spaceflights, the International Space Station, and the Hubble telescope. Red Planet examines the scale of Mars, what we understand about its inhospitable climate, and how our newfound knowledge will inform humanity's attempts, finally, to build long-term colonies there."--Publisher's description.

The snowflake : winter's frozen artistry

September 18, 2015
Libbrecht, Kenneth, author.
Minneapolis, MN : Voyageur Press, 2015.
144 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Includes index.
"Take a deeper look at the unique, hidden beauty of winter with the world's foremost snowflake expert and photographer. This book is filled with a blizzard of breathtaking, close-up, highly detailed photographs of snow crystals. The book is written in a lighthearted, popular-science tone and focuses on what snowflakes are, how they form in clouds, why they have sixfold symmetry, why they have facets and branches, and the many different types of snowflakes.A decade's worth of photography from northern Ontario, Vermont, Alaska, Michigan, northern Sweden, and Japan, including more beautiful crystals, advanced photographic techniques, high-resolution images, numerous examples of crystal types, and a wide variety of illumination methods make for a visually stunning work of frozen art.Authors Kenneth N. Libbrecht and Rachel Wing provide fascinating material on snowflake photography, winter clouds and snowflakes, ice halos, skiing, snowballs, artificial snow, avalanches, and frost formations. No one who has ever caught snowflakes on their tongue or simply marveled at a winter wonderland will want to miss it!"-- Provided by publisher.

The West without water : what past floods, droughts, and other climatic clues tell us about tomorrow

August 12, 2015
Ingram, B. Lynn, 1961-
Berkeley : University of California Press, [2013]
xx, 256 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
From drought to deluge : "normal" climate in the West -- The 1861-1862 floods : lessons lost -- The great droughts of the twentieth century -- Why is climate so variable in the West? -- Reading the past : the Earth's history books -- From ice to fire : into the Holocene -- The "long drought" of the mid-Holocene -- Ice returns : the neoglaciation -- The great "medieval drought" -- The little ice age : megafloods and climate swings -- Why climate changes : cycles and oscillations -- The hydraulic era : salmon and dams -- Future climate change and the American West -- What the past tells us about tomorrow.
"The West without Water documents the tumultuous climate of the American West over twenty millennia, with tales of past droughts and deluges and predictions about the impacts of future climate change on water resources. Looking at the region's current water crisis from the perspective of its climate history, the authors ask the central question of what is "normal" climate for the West, and whether the relatively benign climate of the past century will continue into the future. The West without Water merges climate and paleoclimate research from a wide variety of sources as it introduces readers to key discoveries in cracking the secrets of the region's climatic past. It demonstrates that extended droughts and catastrophic floods have plagued the West with regularity over the past two millennia and recounts the most disastrous flood in the history of California and the West, which occurred in 1861-62. The authors show that, while the West may have temporarily buffered itself from such harsh climatic swings by creating artificial environments and human landscapes, our modern civilization may be ill-prepared for the future climate changes that are predicted to beset the region. They warn that it is time to face the realities of the past and prepare for a future in which fresh water may be less reliable." -- Publisher's website.

Minerals of Ohio

July 29, 2015
Carlson, Ernest H., author.
Columbus : State of Ohio, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, 2015.
xiii, 290 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 29 cm

Glaciers : the politics of ice

July 10, 2015
Taillant, Jorge Daniel, 1968-
New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2015]
xxi, 334 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
How to Read this Book -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Dynamiting Glaciers -- Chapter 2: What is a Glacier? -- Chapter 3: The Birth of Cryoactivism -- Chapter 4: Invisible Glaciers -- Chapter 5: The Barrick Veto -- Chapter 6: Life without Glaciers -- Chapter 7: Resurgence -- Chapter 8: Amazing Glacier Stuff -- Chapter 9: Implementation -- Chapter 10: The Human Right... to Glaciers? -- Chapter 11: Final Words -- Appendix: The Argentine National Glacier Protection Law.
"Glaciers is a volume about the role glaciers play in our daily lives (often without us knowing), the risks posed to glaciers from natural and anthropogenic activity (including climate change and industrial pollution), and policies and practices that should be employed to protect this fundamental hydrological reserve"-- Provided by publisher.

Climate change : the facts

June 30, 2015
Woodsville, New Hampshire : Stockade Books, 2015.
vi, 336 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm

First partial report on the artificial production of precipitation : stratiform clouds--Ohio, 1948

June 25, 2015
Coons, Richard D. (Richard Daniel), 1922-
Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Weather Bureau, 1948.
63 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Cover title.
"August 1948."
Bibliography. pp. 49.
The basic objective of this Project was to determine in definite quantitative terms the practical limits and general utility of cloud modification processes in producing or suppressing precipitation and increasing the visibility from flying aircraft. In order that the effects of the induced modifications may be clearly separated from those occurring naturally, a closely coordinated attack using all available measuring facilities was adopted.

Pacific Tsunami Warning System : a half-century of protecting the Pacific 1965-2015

June 16, 2015
Washington, DC : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office
188 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 26 x 31 cm
Shipping list no: 2015-0025-S.
"This historic book commemorates the 50th Anniversary of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission PTWS from 1965-2015, highlighting the dedication and contributions of 46 Member States in protecting lives and reducing property damage from destructive tsunamis."--Back cover.

The weather experiment : the pioneers who sought to see the future

June 11, 2015
Moore, Peter, 1983-
New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015.
xvi, 395 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
The weather experiment -- Dawn -- Seeing. Writing in the air ; Nature caught in the very act ; Rain, wind, and the wondrous cold -- Morning -- Contesting. Detectives ; Trembling air, whirling winds ; Liquid lightning -- Midday -- Experimenting. Steady eyes, delicate skies ; Beginnings ; Dangerous paths -- Afternoon -- Believing. Dazzling bright ; Endings ; Truth telling -- Dusk -- West winds -- Stars in FitzRoy's meteorological galaxy.
A history of weather forecasting and an animated portrait of the nineteenth-century pioneers who made it possible. -- Provided by publisher.

Rain : a natural and cultural history

April 24, 2015
Barnett, Cynthia, 1966- author.
New York : Crown Publishers, [2015]
355 pages ; 24 cm
Origins -- Elemental rain. Cloudy with a chance of civilization ; Drought, deluge, and devilry ; Praying for rain -- Chance of rain. The weather watchers ; The articles of rain -- American rain. Founding forecaster ; Rain follows the plow ; The rainmakers -- Capturing the rain. Writers on the storm ; The scent of rain ; City -- Mercurial rain. Strange rain ; And the forecast calls for change -- Waiting for rain.
Cynthia Barnett's "Rain "begins four billion years ago with the torrents that filled the oceans, and builds to the storms of climate change. It weaves together science--the true shape of a raindrop, the mysteries of frog and fish rains--with the human story of our ambition to control rain, from ancient rain dances to the 2,203 miles of levees that attempt to straitjacket the Mississippi River. As climate change upends rai nfall patterns and unleashes increasingly severe storms and drought, Barnett shows rain to be a unifying force in a fractured world.

Island on fire : the extraordinary story of a forgotten volcano that changed the world

April 13, 2015
Witze, Alexandra, author.
©2014
224 pages : illustrations, maps ; 22 cm
Originally published with subtitle: The extraordinary story of Laki, the forgotten volcano that turned eighteenth-century Europe dark. London : Profile Books, 2014. With new foreword.
"January 2015"--Title page verso.
Preface : Heimaey, 1973 -- 1. Laki erupts : June 1783 -- 2. Land of ice and fire : the volcanoes of Iceland -- 3. Supervolcanoes : the world's hotspots -- 4. Fire, famine and death : the poisoning of Iceland -- 5. Horrible phenomena : Europe's 'year of wonders' -- 6. The big chill : Laki's global fallout -- 7. Laki today : life in the mountain's shadow -- 8. Death by volcano : the many ways eruptions can kill -- 9. The next big bang : how worried should we be? -- Epilogue : Return to history.

Reef libre : Cuba, the last, best reefs in the world

March 19, 2015
Wintner, Robert, author.
Lanham, Maryland : Taylor Trade Publishing, [2015]
265 pages : color illustrations ; 23 x 28 cm + 1 videodisc (sound, color ; 4 3/4 in.)
Includes index.
Reef Libre -- Cayo Largo -- Cuba hoy -- Jardines de la Reina -- Tengo dos -- Night in Havana! -- Political reefs -- Are you now or have you ever been ... -- The older man and the sea -- Finito, for now.

Index of surface-water records to September 30, 1970. Part 3, Ohio River Basin.

March 16, 2015
Washington : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, 1971.
71 pages : map ; 27 cm.

Index of surface-water records to September 30, 1970. part 5, Hudson Bay and Upper Mississippi River basins.

March 16, 2015
Washington [D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, 1971.
65 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
"This report ... supersedes Geological Survey Circular 575"--Page 1.

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