New Arrivals · Life Sciences, Natural History & Animals

September 2, 2015
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

The mystery of life : how nothing became everything

September 1, 2015
Schutten, Jan Paul, 1970- author.
New York : Aladdin ; Hillsboro, Oregon : Beyond Word, 2015.
229 pages : illustrations, color ; 24 cm
"Originally published in Dutch. Gottmer Uitgevers Groep 2013."
Marvels, mysteries, and you -- How old is the Earth? -- The history of everything in 1,620 words -- The greatest scientific idea of all time -- Evolution in brief -- All about the family -- How life on Earth began -- Surviving in the primeval oceans -- Half human, half fish -- Has the story of evolution been proven for sure? -- From mouse to man.
"No generation has yet had to cope with the kind of rapid changes in science and technology that are facing today's teens. This is why "STEM education" is the latest buzz term and science literacy is enjoying a renewed focus. A foundation in basic science is key. With decades of scientific knowledge behind him and a genuine sense of fun in his approach, Jan Paul Schutten rewards curiosity with engaging explanations about some of the most complicated scientific issues that exist, and tells readers that there is much left to discover. For example: Why does the paramecium deserve a standing ovation? How do you build a planet? Does a tree want to be tall? How does a bacterium turn into a blue whale? How can you survive without a rear end? How can you yourself see evolution at work? Why would aliens most likely be meat-eaters? Are scientists not telling us everything?"-- Provided by publisher.

Seeing seeds : a journey into the world of seedheads, pods, and fruit

August 27, 2015
Dunn Chace, Teri, author.
Portland, Oregon : Timber Press, 2015.
284 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Garden flowers -- Weeds and wildflowers -- Herbs, spices, fibers, and medicine -- Fruits and vegetables -- Shrubs and trees.

Sonic wind : the story of John Paul Stapp and how a renegade doctor became the fastest man on Earth

August 18, 2015
Ryan, Craig, 1953-
New York : Liveright Publishing Corporation, a division of W.W. Norton and Company, [2015]
x, 411 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Part I: The glorious rebellion against dissolution. 1. Where are my children to-night? -- 2. The most interesting place -- 3. Colonel Tank and Colonel Gas -- 4. Scum jobs -- 5. the citadel of aeromedical research -- Part II: The hot Siberia of the Air Force. 6. The battle of Muroc -- 7. Oscar Eightball and the Curbstone Clinic -- 9. Stapp's first rides -- 10. G-force chimps -- 11. Brother, we are the goats -- 12. Evicted -- 13. Solo on Lovers Lane -- 14. Waiting for a tiger to spring -- 15. Subject had considerable apprehension -- Part III: Above the Armstrong Line. 16. The conference -- 17. Space scientists in Hollywood -- 18. Space scientists in space -- 19. The most significant apparatus -- 20. Kicked upstairs -- 21. The Survivors Club -- 22. Exit from Valley Forge -- 23. Nazi doctors and the never-ending road trip -- Part IV: The ghosts that never happened. 24. Washington -- 25. Slugging away at the standards -- 26. Who wants a resurrection, anyway? -- 27. Honor and violation -- 28. The Stapp years -- Appendix: How fast?
Documents the pivotal contributions of the late scientific visionary behind the development of seatbelts and ejection seats, outlining his dramatic experiments and battles for safety legislation that have been credited with saving millions of lives.

Evolving ourselves : how unnatural selection and nonrandom mutation are changing life on earth

August 17, 2015
Enriquez, Juan, 1959- author.
©2015
ix, 371 pages ; 24 cm
What would Darwin write today? -- Symptoms of Real-Time Evolution. Is autism a harbinger of our changing brains? ; The DarWa theory revisited... and a glimpse at a new theory ; Twenty generations to domesticate humans ; Violence and the lack thereof ; Allergies : another harbinger of our evolving bodies? ; Our unnatural "all natural" world ; Fat humans, fat animals : another symptom? ; Brave new sex -- How Does Evolution Really Work Now? The nature versus nurture wars ; Missing heredity, mysterious toxins ; Transgenerational inheritance - aka "voodoo biology" ; WWIV : nuking our microbes ; The "yucky" stuff inside you ; Autism revisited : three potential drivers ; Viruses : the roadrunners of evolution ; A perfectly modern pregnancy ; Bringing it all together : DESTINY is propelling evolution -- A World of Nonrandom Mutation. Playing with the building blocks of life ; Humans hijacking viruses ; Editing life on a grand scale ; Unnatural acts, designer babies, and Sex 2.0 ; Boyden brains -- Evolving Ourselves... Better living through chemistry? ; Forever young, beautiful, and fearless? ; Unnatural attraction ; Sports quandaries and beyond... ; Designer organs and cloned humans ; Evolving brains revisited ; The robot-computer-human interface ; Perhaps an ethical question or two? ; Technically life, technically death ; Trust whom? -- The Future of Life. I don't remember you... de-extinction ; Humanity's really short story ; Evolving hominins... ; Synthetic life ; Humans and hubris : does nature win in the end? ; Leaving earth? -- Epilogue. New evolutionary trees -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix. Darwin - true or false : did he get it right?.
Though these harbingers of change are deeply unsettling, the authors argue that we are also in an epoch of tremendous opportunity. New advances in biotechnology help us mitigate the cruel forces of natural selection, from saving prematurely born babies to gene therapies for sickle cell anemia and other conditions. As technology enables us to take control of our genes, we will be able to alter our own species and many others--a good thing, given that our eventual survival will require space travel and colonization, enabled by a fundamental redesign of our bodies. Future humans could become great caretakers of the planet, as well as a more diverse, more resilient, gentler, and more intelligent species--but only if we make the right choices now.

Mushrooms of the Midwest

August 17, 2015
Kuo, Michael, 1963- author.
©2014
427 pages : color illustrations, color map ; 26 cm
Introduction -- Collecting, documenting, and preserving mushrooms -- Using a microscope to study mushrooms -- Identification keys -- The mushrooms -- The evolutionary picture.
"Fusing general interest in mushrooming with serious scholarship, Mushrooms of the Midwest describes and illustrates over five hundred of the region's mushroom species. From the cold conifer bogs of northern Michigan to the steamy oak forests of Missouri, the book offers a broad cross-section of the fungi, edible and not, that can be found growing in the Midwest's diverse ecosystems. With hundreds of color illustrations, Mushrooms of the Midwest is ideal for amateur and expert mushroomers alike. Michael Kuo and Andrew S. Methven provide identification keys and thorough descriptions. The authors discuss the DNA revolution in mycology and its consequences for classification and identification, as well as the need for well-documented contemporary collections of mushrooms. Unlike most field guides, Mushrooms of the Midwest includes an extensive introduction to the use of a microscope in mushroom identification. In addition, Kuo and Methven give recommendations for scientific mushroom collecting, with special focus on ecological data and guidelines for preserving specimens. Lists of amateur mycological associations and herbaria of the Midwest are also included. A must-have for all mushroom enthusiasts!"--Page 4 of cover.

Seashore

August 10, 2015
Grée, Alain, author.
Lewes, East Sussex : Button Books, an imprint of Guild of Master Craftsman Publications, Ltd., 2015.
47 pages : color illustrations ; 27 cm

Tales of remarkable birds

July 29, 2015
Couzens, Dominic, author.
London, UK ; New York, NY : Bloomsbury, 2015.
224 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Europe. Northern wren : roost site available, not everyone need apply ; Great spotted cuckoo : a cuckoo, yes - but not as we know it ; Great grey shrike : catching on to a neat idea ; Common crossbill : a bird with leftist tendencies ; Eurasian oystercatcher : the oystercatcher's trade unions -- Africa. Sunbirds : hovering might be catching ; Ostriches : the benefits of sharing a nest ; Straw-tailed whydah and purple grenadier : the strange case of the avian stalker ; Boubous : it takes two ; Widowbirds : a tale of two tails -- Asia. Greater racket-tailed drogo : the life of a professional agitator ; Yellow-browed warbler : the wrong-way migrant ; Pheasant-tailed jacana : children of the lily-pads ; Arabian babbler : keeping its friends close ; Swifts and swiftlets : living in the dark -- Australasia. White-winged chough : our family group needs some extra help ; Fairywrens : what is the significance of the flower gift? ; Great bowerbird : stage managing a nuptial bower ; Southern cassowary : don't mess with this big bird ; Varied sittellas : the benefits of working together -- North America. White-throated sparrow : a tale of two sparrows ; Black-capped chickadee : memories of garden birds ; Cliff swallow : unnatural selection ; Harris's hawk : the hunter-gatherer ; Marbled murrelet : breeding in a different world -- South America. Andean cock-of-the-rock : working together with its friends ; Toucans : why a big bill pays ; Antbirds : following the ants ; Tanagers : The crown jewels ; Hummingbirds : when the humming stops -- Antarctica. Rockhopper penguins : the most unloved egg ; Albatrosses : masters of the oceans ; Emperor and Galapagos penguins : a tale of two penguins ; Sheathbills : the basement cleaners ; Wandering albatross : a slow dance to success -- Islands. Swallow-tailed gull : making the most of dark nights ; Megapodes : the patter of great, big feet ; New Caledonian crow : the world's cleverest bird? ; Blue bird-of-paradise : figs and fruits turn paradise upside down ; Extinctions : islands : lands of lost birds.
Throughout the bird world, examples of strange and seemingly inexplicable behaviours abound. For example: Why do Male Fairywrens bring flowers to females as a nuptial gift in the pre-dawn darkness? Especially when the gift-givers are not the official mates of the females concerned, but visitors, and furthermore they may give these gifts in full view of the official mate. Why do gangs of White-winged Choughs 'kidnap' their neighbours' fledglings and then keep them in their 'gang'. Which bird is so big, strong and fierce that stories abound of it killing humans? This book looks at accounts of murderous Cassowaries and explains just what might have happened. What happens in an albatross 'divorce'? This book divides the world by continent and takes a series of extraordinary stories from each to illustrate a great diversity of bird behaviour. Each continent will have around five or six stories, each described in 1500 to 2000 words and examining the truths and the mythology behind each example. An intriguiguing book from an author with an ability to engage with his audience.

Storytelling apes : primatology narratives past and future

July 29, 2015
Pollock, Mary Sanders, 1948- author.
University Park, Pennsylvania : The Pennsylvania State University Press, [2015]
x, 256 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
First contacts -- The primatology romance -- Tragedy of the field -- Morphology of the tale -- Primate characters -- Primatology and the carnival world.
"A literary analysis of the popular genre of the informal primatology field narrative. Explores the works of Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, Robert Sapolsky, and others in the contexts of scientific, literary, and conservation discourses"--Provided by publisher.

Spirals in time : the secret life and curious afterlife of seashells

July 27, 2015
Scales, Helen, author.
London, UK ; New York, NY : Bloomsbury Sigma, 2015.
304 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm.
Meet the shell-makers -- How to build a shell -- Sex, death, and gems -- Shell food -- A mollusc called home -- Spinning shell stories -- Flight of the Argonauts -- Hunting for treasures -- Bright ideas -- The sea butterfly effect -- A note on shell-collecting -- Glossary : a word in your shell-like.
Offers an examination of mollusks, their shells, and their role in human culture, as well as their susceptibility to the effects of humans on the environment.

Hidden natural histories. Trees : the secret properties of 150 species

July 24, 2015
Kingsbury, Noël, author.
Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, 2015.
224 pages : color illustrations ; 21 cm
Includes index.

The Columbian exchange : biological and cultural consequences of 1492

July 20, 2015
Crosby, Alfred W.
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, ©2003.
xxvii, 283 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
The contrasts -- Conquistador y pestilencia -- Old World plants and animals in the New World -- The early history of syphilis : a reappraisal -- New World foods and Old World demography -- The Columbian exchange continues.
Thirty years ago, Alfred Crosby published a small work that stressed a simple point - that the most important changes brought on by the voyages of Columbus were not social or political, but biological in nature. This 30th anniversary edition includes a new preface from the author.

Butterflies of the world

July 16, 2015
Hoskins, Adrian, author.
©2015
312 pages : color illustrations ; 25 cm
Includes index.
Heavily illustrated coverage of the origin, evolution, life cycle, anatomy and other facts about butterflies.

Bees : an up-close look at pollinators around the world

July 15, 2015
Droege, Sam, author.
©2015
160 pages : color illustrations ; 23 x 29 cm
"While we eat, work, and sleep, bees are busy around the world. More than 20,000 species are in constant motion! They pollinate plants of all types and keep our natural world intact. In Bees, you'll find a new way to appreciate these tiny wonders. Sam Droege and Laurence Packer present more than 100 of the most eye-catching bees from around the world as you've never seen them: up-close and with stunning detail. You'll stare into alien-like faces. You'll get lost in mesmerizing colors and patterns, patches and stripes of arresting yellow or blue. Whether you linger on your first close look at the Western Domesticated Honey Bee or excitedly flip straight to the rare Dinagapostemon sicheli, there's no doubt you'll be blown away by the beauty of bees."--provided from Amazon.com.

Beyond words : what animals think and feel

July 13, 2015
Safina, Carl, 1955- author.
New York, New York : Henry Holt and Company, 2015.
xiii, 461 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
"A John Macrae Book."
Into the mine field -- Trumpets of elephants. The big question ; The same basic plan ; Distinctly human? ; Deep and ancient circuits ; We are family ; Motherhood happens ; Do elephants love their babies? ; Elephant empathy ; Good grief ; I don't know how you say good-bye ; I say hello ; Holding back, letting go ; Troubled minds ; Ebony and ivory ; Where baby elephants come from -- Howls of wolves. Into the Pleistocene ; A perfect wolf ; Packing and unpacking ; The wolf named Six ; A shattering of promises ; In a time of truce ; Magnificent outcasts ; Where the wolf birds lead us ; Wolf music ; The hunter is a lonely heart ; A will to live ; Domestic servants ; Two ends of the same leash -- Whines and pet peeves. Never mind theory ; Sex, lies, and humiliated seabirds ; conceit and deceit ; Chuckles and wacky ideas ; Mirror, mirror ; And speaking of neurons ; People of an ancient nation -- Killer wails. Sea rex ; A more complex killer ; Just very sexual ; Inner visions ; Diverse minds ; Intelligent in what way? ; The social brain ; Woo-woo ; Helping in mind ; Do not disturb ; To have and to hold ; Expect personality ; A vision true and mighty -- Final scratch.
"Weaving decades of field observations with exciting new discoveries about the brain, Carl Safina's landmark book offers an intimate view of animal behavior to challenge the fixed boundary between humans and nonhuman animals. In Beyond Words, readers travel to Amboseli National Park in the threatened landscape of Kenya and witness struggling elephant families work out how to survive poaching and drought, then to Yellowstone National Park to observe wolves sort out the aftermath of one pack's personal tragedy, and finally plunge into the astonishingly peaceful society of killer whales living in the crystalline waters of the Pacific Northwest. Beyond Words brings forth powerful and illuminating insight into the unique personalities of animals through extraordinary stories of animal joy, grief, jealousy, anger, and love. The similarity between human and nonhuman consciousness, self-awareness, and empathy calls us to re-evaluate how we interact with animals" -- provided by publisher.

Plankton : wonders of the drifting world

July 10, 2015
Sardet, Christian, author, translator.
©2015
222 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 33 cm
"Originally published in France as Plancton, aux origines du vivant. © 2013 Les Editions Eugen Ulmer, Paris"--Title page verso.
Plankton of the world. Villefranche-sur-Mer, France : a bay famous for its plankton ; Between Ecuador and Galapagos : Tara Oceans Expedition ; South Carolina, United States : salt marsh estuaries ; Izu Peninsula and Shimoda, Japan : autumn plankton -- Unicellular creatures : from the origins of life -- Ctenophores and cnidarians : ancestral forms -- Crustaceans and mollusks : champions of diversity -- Worms and tadpoles : arrows, tubes and nets.

Modern terrarium studio

July 9, 2015
George, Megan, author.
Cincinnati, OH : Fons & Porter, [2015]
128 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Includes index.
"Design + build custom landscapes with succulents, air plants + more."
Presents 25 easy-to-make terrariums and living landscapes that push the boundaries of traditional terrarium design.

Of orcas and men : what killer whales can teach us

June 25, 2015
Neiwert, David A., 1956-
New York : The Overlook Press, 2015.
305 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Close encounters -- The people under the sea -- The connected life -- The ancient ones -- The demon from hell -- The guardians -- Salmon, boats, and oil -- Freeing Willies -- Orcinus ethics -- Seeing wild orcas : a note.
A revelatory history of orcas evaluates them as one of the planet's most intelligent animals, challenging beliefs about their "killer" natures while citing the threats to their populations.

Fastest things on wings : rescuing hummingbirds in Hollywood

June 25, 2015
Masear, Teresa E., 1959- author.
©2015
xiii, 306 pages, [8] unnumbered pages of plates : color illustrations ; 22 cm
Includes index.
A leading hummingbird-rehabilitation therapist describes her work with dozens of remarkable varieties, including one bird that collided with a limousine before learning how to fly again.

Midwest foraging : 115 wild and flavorful edibles from burdock to wild peach

June 22, 2015
Rose, Lisa M., author.
Portland, Oregon : Timber Press, 2015.
318 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

Follow your gut : the enormous impact of tiny microbes

June 16, 2015
Knight, Rob (Researcher), author.
New York : Ted Books, Simon & Schuster, 2015.
114 pages : color illustrations ; 19 cm
The body microbial ; How we get our microbiome ; In sickness and in health ; The gut-brain axis ; A brief history of bugs ; Hacking your microbiome ; Antibiotics ; The future ; The American gut ; The science (and art) of microbiome mapping.
You are made up of about 10 trillion human cells-- but there are about 100 trillion microbial cells in and on your copy. Knight and Buhler examine the links between our microbes and numerous diseases, and show how microbes are integrated into almost all aspects of our lives. Learn how microscopic life inside us influences our health, mood, and more.

The plant lover's guide to epimediums

June 16, 2015
Gregson, Sally.
Portland, OR : Timber Press, 2015.
238 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm
Includes index.
Why I love epimediums -- Designing with bishop's hats, barrenworts, and fairy wings -- 123 epimediums for the garden -- Growing and propagating -- People, places, and plants.

How plants work : the science behind the amazing things plants do

June 16, 2015
Chalker-Scott, Linda.
Portland, OR : Timber Press, 2015.
235 pages : color illustrations : 23 cm
Includes index.
Under the microscope -- The underground railroad -- What's essential -- Transforming sunlight into sugar -- Why leaves can turn red anytime, anyplace -- How plants tell time -- Night shifts and other unexpected movements -- Garden care, not control -- Finding love in a sedentary world.

Fish of Indiana field guide

June 12, 2015
Bosanko, Dave.
Cambridge, MN : Adventure Publications, c2009.
206 p. : col. ill. ; 15 cm.

The strange case of the rickety Cossack : and other cautionary tales from human evolution

June 11, 2015
Tattersall, Ian, author.
New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
xii, 244 pages : illlustrations ; 25 cm
Lemurs and the delights of fieldwork -- Humankind's place in nature -- People get a fossil record -- Neanderthals and man-apes -- The synthesis and handy man -- Evolutionary refinements -- The Gilded Age -- Meanwhile, back at the museum ... -- Turkana, the Afar, and Dmanisi -- Molecules and midgets -- Neanderthals, DNA, and creativity -- Why does it matter how we evolved?
"In his new book human paleoanthropologist Ian Tattersall argues that a long tradition of "human exceptionalism" in paleoanthropology has distorted the picture of human evolution. Drawing partly on his own career-- from young scientist in awe of his elders to crotchety elder statesman-- Tattersall offers an idiosyncratic look at the competitive world of paleoanthropology, beginning with Charles Darwin 150 years ago, and continuing through the Leakey dynasty in Africa, and concluding with the latest astonishing findings in the Caucasus. With tact and humor, Tattersall concludes that we are not the perfected products of natural processes, but instead the result of substantial doses of random happenstance"-- Provided by publisher.

Fish of Ohio : field guide

June 8, 2015
Bosanko, Dave.
Cambridge, MN : Adventure Publications, c2008.
192 p. : col. ill. ; 16 cm.
Profiles seventy-five fish species common in Ohio, arranged by family, presenting color illustrations; covering their other names, habitats, ranges, food, reproduction, and average sizes; and providing illustrated tips for differentiating each fish from its similar species.

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