New Arrivals · Life Sciences, Natural History & Animals

August 23, 2017
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

DNA : the story of the genetic revolution

August 22, 2017
Watson, James D., 1928- author.
New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2017.
xiv, 487 pages : illustrations (some color), color map ; 23 cm
"Newly Revised and updated"--Cover.
Beginnings of genetics : from Mendel to Hitler -- The double helix : this is life -- Reading the code : bringing DNA to life -- Playing God : customized DNA molecules -- DNA, dollars, and drugs : biotechnology -- Tempest in a cereal box : genetically modified food -- The human genome : life's screenplay -- Personal genetics : the first of the rest of us -- Reading genomes : evolution in action -- Out of Africa : DNA and the human past -- Genetic fingerprinting : DNA's day in court -- Disease genes : hunting and treating human disease -- Who we are : nature vs. nurture -- Cancer : war without end? -- Coda : our genes and our future.
"James D. Watson, the Nobel laureate whose pioneering work helped unlock the mystery of DNA's structure, charts the greatest scientific journey of our time, from the discovery of the double helix to today's controversies to what the future may hold. Updated to include new findings in gene editing, epigenetics, agricultural chemistry, as well as two entirely new chapters on personal genomics and cancer research. This is the most comprehensive and authoritative exploration of DNA's impact--practical, social, and ethical--on our society and our world"--Provided by publisher.

Cracking the AP biology exam.

August 14, 2017
New York : Random House, Inc., c1997-
v. ; 28 cm.
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Improbable destinies : fate, chance, and the future of evolution

August 7, 2017
Losos, Jonathan B., author.
©2017
xv, 368 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Introduction: The good dinosaur -- Part one: Nature's doppelgängers. Evolutionary déjà vu ; Replicated reptiles ; Evolutionary idiosyncrasy -- Part two: Experiments in the wild. The not-so-glacial pace of evolutionary change ; Colorful Trinidad ; Lizard castaways ; From manure to modern science ; Evolution in swimming pools and sandboxes -- Part three: Evolution under the microscope. Replaying the tape ; Breakthrough in a bottle ; Jots, tittles, and drunken fruit flies ; The human environment ; Conclusion: Fate, chance, and the inevitability of humans.
"Earth's natural history is full of fascinating instances of convergence: phenomena like eyes and wings and tree-climbing lizards that have evolved independently, multiple times. But evolutionary biologists also point out many examples of contingency, cases where the tiniest change--a random mutation or an ancient butterfly sneeze--caused evolution to take a completely different course. What role does each force really play in the constantly changing natural world? Are the plants and animals that exist today, and we humans ourselves, inevitabilities or evolutionary flukes? And what does that say about life on other planets? Jonathan Losos reveals what the latest breakthroughs in evolutionary biology can tell us about one of the greatest ongoing debates in science. He takes us around the globe to meet the researchers who are solving the deepest mysteries of life on Earth through their work in experimental evolutionary science. Losos himself is one of the leaders in this exciting new field, and he illustrates how experiments with guppies, fruit flies, bacteria, foxes, and field mice, along with his own work with anole lizards on Caribbean islands, are rewinding the tape of life to reveal just how rapid and predictable evolution can be. ... Losos's insights into natural selection and evolutionary change have far-reaching applications for protecting ecosystems, securing our food supply, and fighting off harmful viruses and bacteria" --Inside dust jacket.

Mushrooms of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada

July 28, 2017
Baroni, Timothy J., author.
©2017
599 pages ; 22 cm.

World's deadliest creatures

July 19, 2017
McDonald, Joe, author, photographer.
©2016
192 pages : colour illustrations ; 25 cm.
Includes index.
Deadly mammals -- Deadly birds -- Deadly reptiles and amphibians -- Deadly marine and aquatic world -- Deadly invertebrates -- Most deadly creature of all.
"Join award-winning photographers Joe and Mary Ann McDonald on a journey of discovery in search of the World’s Deadliest Creatures. Whether it’s venomous cobras, poisonous jellyfish, hungry tigers, aggressive hippos, the diseases carried by mosquitoes or the traffic accident waiting to happen that is the moose, there are many ways in which then natural world can pose a threat. Stunning images coupled with engaging text covering more than 100 deadly species make this book a must-read for anyone with an interest in the dark side of wildlife!" --Amazon.com

Woolly : the true story of the quest to revive one of history's most iconic extinct creatures

July 5, 2017
Mezrich, Ben, 1969- author.
©2017
293 pages ; 24 cm
"Science fiction meets reality in this thrilling Jurassic Park-like story of the quest to achieve the genetic resurrection of an extinct species--the Woolly Mammoth. ... From the frozen tundra of Siberia to the cutting-edge genetics labs of Harvard University, a group of young scientists--under the guidance of Dr. George Church, the most brilliant geneticist of our time--is working to make the impossible happen. Their task? To bring the Woolly Mammoth, a creature that has been extinct for three thousand years, back into our world. How will they do it? By sequencing the DNA of a frozen Woolly Mammoth harvested from above the Arctic Circle, and then splicing elements of it into the DNA of a modern elephant. Through this process, they hope to turn the hybrid cells into a functional embryo and bring the extinct creatures to life in our modern world. Pushing the boundaries of gene synthesis, stem cell research, and longevity science, their abilities are no longer confined to reading DNA, but now include writing DNA. Why will they do it? There's poetic justice in bringing back a once-mighty species made extinct by our own ancestors' talent as hunters. But more than that, the return of the Mammoth might be essential to preventing the extinction of the human race as well. The giant creatures will help to defuse an environmental ticking time bomb hidden in the frozen north. More than a story of genetics, Woolly is a scintillating adventure involving a host of extraordinary people, including the intrepid fossil hunters who battle polar bears and extreme conditions in the name of scientific advancement; a world-famous conservationist in California determined to bring back other extinct species; and a genius father-son team of Russian scientists working to turn a tract of the Siberian tundra into 'Pleistocene Park.' In shining a spotlight on the quest to bring back the Woolly Mammoth, Ben Mezrich has located the most intriguing and important scientific discovery story of our age."--Jacket.

Bugged : the insects who rule the world and the people obsessed with them

July 5, 2017
MacNeal, David, 1985- author.
©2017
x, 308 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
A cabinet of curiosity -- Buried cities -- "Even educated fleas do it" -- The on-flying things -- Vámanos pest! -- First responders -- You just squashed the cure for cancer -- Executives of big bug biz -- Dining with crickets -- Tracing the collapse.
"Insects have been shaping our ecological world and plant life for over 400 million years. In fact, our world is essentially run by bugs -- there are 1.4 billion for every human on the planet. In Bugged, journalist David MacNeal takes us on an offbeat scientific journey that weaves together history, travel, and culture to explore our relationship with these mini-monsters." -- From book jacket.

Bird feathers : a guide to North American species

June 30, 2017
Scott, S. David (Shannon David), 1980-
Mechanicsburg, PA : Stackpole Books, ©2010.
x, 358 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 23 cm
Introduction -- Part I: Feather origins and morphology -- Origins -- Avian physiology: built for flight -- Feathers and flight -- Flight feather identification -- Part II: Feathers : Geese, swans, and ducks (Anatidae) ; Partridges, grouse, turkeys, and Old World quail (Phasianidae) ; New World quail (Odontophoridae) ; Loons (Gaviidae) ; Grebes (Podicipedidae) ; Shearwaters and petrels (Procellariidae) ; Storm-petrels (Hydrobatidae) ; Tropicbirds (Phaethontidae) ; Boobies and gannets (Sulidae) ; Pelicans (Pelicanidae) ; Frigatebirds (Fregatidae) ; Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae) ; Darters (Anhingidae) ; Bitterns, herons, and allies (Ardeidae) ; Ibises and spoonbills (Threskiornithidae) ; Storks (Ciconiidae) ; New world vultures (Cathartidae) ; Hawks, kites, eagles, and allies (Accipitridae) ; Caracaras and falcons (Falconidae) ; Rails, gallinules, and coots (Rallidae) ; Cranes (Gruidae) ; Lapwings and plovers (Charadriidae) ; Stilts and avocets (Recurvirostridae) ; Sandpipers and allies (Scolopacidae) ; Gulls, terns, and skimmers (Laridae) ; Alcids (Alcidae) ; Pigeons and doves (Columbidae) ; Cuckoos and roadrunners (Cuculidae) ; Barn owls (Tytonidae) and typical owls (Strigidae) ; Goatsuckers (Caprimulgidae) ; Swifts (Apodidae) ; Hummingbirds (Trochilidae) ; Kingfishers (Alcedinidae) ; Woodpeckers and allies (Picidae) ; Tyrant flycatcher (Tyrannidae) ; Shrikes (laniidae) ; Vireos (vireonidae) ; Jays, crows, and allies (corvidae) ; Larks (Alaudidae) ; Swallows (Hirundinidae) ; Chickadees and titmice (Paridae) ; Verdin (Remizidae) ; Bushtits (Aegithalidae) ; Nuthatches (Sittidae) ; Creepers (Certhiidae) ; Wrens (Troglodytidae) ; Kinglets (Regulidae) ; Gnatcatchers (Sylviidae) ; Thrushes (Turdidae) ; Mockingbirds and thrashers (Mimidae) ; Starlings (Sturnidae) ; Waxwings (Bombycillidae) ; Silky-flycatchers (Ptilogonatidae) ; Wood-warblers (Parulidae) ; Tanagers (Thraupidae) ; Emberizids : sparrows, old world buntings, and relatives (Emberizidae) ; Cardinals and allies (Cardinalidae) ; Icterids (Icteridae) ; Finches and allies (Fringillidae) ; Old world sparrows (Passeridae).
Guide to identifying and understanding bird feathers. Illustrated with nearly 500 color photos, this field guide to feathers explains how to use feather type and shape as well as color to identify the species a particular feather came from. Ranges, wing types, and feather measurements are given for the 397 birds covered, along with photos of representative feathers.

Witness tree : seasons of change with a century-old oak

June 30, 2017
Mapes, Lynda, 1959- author.
©2017
224 pages : map ; 22 cm
Me and my tree -- A beneficent monarch -- To know a tree -- A forest, lost and found -- Talkative trees -- The language of leaves -- Witness tree -- Past and future forests -- Carbon -- In this together.

Animal lessons : discovering your spiritual connection with animals

June 29, 2017
MacKinnon, Danielle, author.
Woodbury, Minnesota : Llewellyn Publications, 2017.
216 pages; 20 cm

Making contact : Jill Tarter and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence

June 28, 2017
Scoles, Sarah, author.
©2017
275 pages, 24 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
How'd a nice girl like you get into a field like this? -- Babies, brown dwarfs, and big moves -- Making the Allen Telescope Array -- The future of the alien-hunting telescope -- A question for our time -- The politics of science and new projects -- The quest for contact -- the last chapter -- Extremophiles and exoplanets -- Shouting into the void -- A timeline of SETI.

A crack in creation : gene editing and the unthinkable power to control evolution

June 21, 2017
Doudna, Jennifer A., author.
©2017
xx, 281 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Prologue: The wave -- Part I: The tool. The quest for a cure ; A new defense ; Cracking the code ; Command and control -- Part II: The task. The CRISPR menagerie ; To heal the sick ; The reckoning ; What lies ahead -- Epilogue: The beginning.
Two Berkeley scientists explore the potential of a revolutionary genetics technology capable of easily and affordably manipulating DNA in human embryos to prevent specific diseases, addressing key concerns about related ethical and societal repercussions.

The ends of the world : volcanic apocalypses, lethal oceans, and our quest to understand Earth's past mass extinctions

June 20, 2017
Brannen, Peter, author.
©2017
x, 322 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
Beginnings -- The End-Ordovician mass extinction -- The Late Devonian mass extinction -- The End-Permian mass extinction -- The End-Triassic mass extinction -- the End-Cretaceous mass extinction -- the End-Pleistocene mass extinction -- The near future -- The last extinction.
"A vivid tour of Earth's Big Five mass extinctions, the past worlds lost with each, and what they all can tell us about our not-too-distant future. Was it really an asteroid that killed the dinosaurs? Or carbon dioxide-driven climate change? In fact, scientists now suspect that climate change played a major role not only in the end of the age of dinosaurs, but also in each of the five most deadly mass extinctions in the history of the planet. Struck by the implications of this for our own future, Peter Brannen, along with some of the world's leading paleontologists, dives into deep time, exploring each of Earth's five dead ends, and in the process, offers us a glimpse of what's to come. Using the visible clues these extinctions have left behind in the fossil record, The Ends of the World takes us inside the 'scenes of the crime,' from South Africa's Karoo Desert to the New York Palisades, to tell the story of each extinction. Brannen examines the fossil record--which is rife with fantastic creatures like dragonflies the size of seagulls and guillotine-mouthed fish--and introduces us to the researchers on the frontlines who, using the forensic tools of modern science, are piecing together what really happened at the sites of Earth's past devastations. As our civilization continues to test the wherewithal of our climate, we need to figure out where the hard limits are before it's too late. Part road trip, part history, and part cautionary tale, The Ends of the World takes us on a tour of the ways that our planet has clawed itself back from the grave, allowing us to better understand our future by shining a light on our past" --Dust jacket.

The complete mushroom hunter : an illustrated guide to foraging, harvesting and enjoying wild mushrooms

June 20, 2017
Lincoff, Gary, author.
Beverly, Massachusetts : Quarry Books, 2017.
208 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Previous edition: 2010.
"Including new sections on growing your own edibles and off-season collecting" -t.p.
Chapter 1: Mushrooms: the what and the who -- Chapter 2: Mushroom hunting -- Chapter 3: Mushroom identification -- Chapter 4: Medicinal mushrooms -- Chapter 5: Bringing home the harvest: mushroom recipes -- Appendix I: Mushroom arts & crafts -- Appendix II: Mushroom cultivation -- Appendix III: Incredible edibles -- Appendix IV: Winter hunting -- Appendix V: Essential guide to major poisonous mushrooms, symptoms of poisoning, and treatment.
This revised edition includes a history of mushroom hunting worldwide; how to get equipped for mushroom forays; an illustrated guide to the common wild edible mushrooms; and cultivating, preparing and serving the harvest.

Fireflies, glow-worms, and lightning bugs : identification and natural history of the fireflies of the eastern and central United States and Canada

May 26, 2017
Faust, Lynn Frierson, author.
©2017
xvii, 356 pages : color illustrations; 24 cm.
List of species by scientific name -- Preface: For the awe of it -- Acknowledgments -- What genus is it? -- Fireflies around the world -- Frequently asked questions -- Eggs, larvae, and pupae -- Survival tactics and mimicry -- Parasites and predators -- Fieldwork, research, and filming -- Species accounts by genus -- Appendix: The Selangor declaration.
"The first ever comprehensive firefly guide for eastern and central North America. It is written for all those who want to know more about the amazing world of lightning bugs and learn the secrets hidden in the flash patterns of +75 species found in the eastern and central United States and Canada" --Inside cover.

The magnificent book of ocean creatures

May 26, 2017
Walerczuk, Val, illustrator.
San Diego, California : Silver Dolphin Books, 2017.
80 pages : color illustrations ; 38 cm

The trees of North America : Michaux and Redouté's American masterpiece

May 26, 2017
New York ; London : Abbeville Press Publishers, [2017]
392 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm
At head of title: New York Botanical Garden.

The wonder of birds : what they tell us about ourselves, the world, and a better future

May 25, 2017
Robbins, Jim, author.
New York : Spiegel & Grau, [2017]
xviii, 331 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm

The encyclopedia of animal predators : learn about each predator's traits and behaviors ; identify the tracks and signs of more than 50 predators ; protect your livestock, poultry, and pets

May 23, 2017
Dohner, Janet Vorwald, 1951- author.
North Adams, Massachusetts : Storey Publishing, 2017.
279 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
The predation situation -- Who's out there? -- Canines -- Cats -- Bears -- Weasels -- Raccoons -- Skunks -- Opossums -- Rats -- Domestic and feral animals -- Birds of prey -- True owls -- Crows -- Snapping turtles -- Gators and crocs -- Snakes -- Nonlethal prevention methods and strategies -- Moving forward together.
"Learn to identify threatening species through tracks, scat, and the damage they leave behind. Fascinating profiles of more than 50 predatory mammals, birds, and reptiles teach farmers, ranchers, homesteaders, and backyard-animal raisers how to prevent their livestock, poultry, and pets from becoming prey. By understanding how predators think and behave, where and how they live, and how they attack and kill prey, you’ll be able to interpret the potential threats surrounding your home. Whether you have a vested interest in protecting your pets and livestock or are simply spellbound by wild predators, this is the book for you!" --Amazon.com

The evolution of beauty : how Darwin's forgotten theory of mate choice shapes the animal world-- and us

May 17, 2017
Prum, Richard O., author.
New York : Doubleday, a division of Penguin Random House LLC, [2017]
428 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), map ; 24 cm
Darwin's really dangerous idea -- Beauty happens -- Manakin dances -- Aesthetic innovation and decadence -- Make way for duck sex -- Beauty from the beast -- Bromance before romance -- Human beauty happens too -- Pleasure happens -- The Lysistrata effect -- The queering of Homo sapiens -- This aesthetic view of life.
What can explain the incredible diversity of beauty in nature? Richard O. Prum, an award-winning ornithologist, discusses Charles Darwin's second and long-neglected theory--aesthetic mate choice--and what it means for our understanding of evolution. In addition, Prum connects those same evolutionary dynamics to the origins and diversity of human sexuality, offering riveting new thinking about the evolution of human beauty and the role of mate choice, thereby transforming our ancestors from typical infanticidal primates into socially intelligent, pair-bonding caregivers. -- adapted from book jacket.

Of naked ladies and forget-me-nots : the stories behind the common names of some of our favorite plants

May 11, 2017
Armitage, A. M. (Allan M.)
©2017
219 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm
Includes index.
"Award-winning author and plantsman Allan Armitage tells the stories behind the common names of some of our favorite and lesser-known plants. From Hooker's Lips to Hairy Balls, Voodoo lilies and Gas Plant, this books of laugh-out-loud yarns is required reading for every plant enthusiast."--Amazon website.

Talking to animals : how you can understand animals and they can understand you

May 5, 2017
Katz, Jon, author.
New York : Atria Books, 2017.
228 pages ; 24 cm
Talking to Lucky -- Visualization: picturing the future -- Orson and the rings of fire -- Elvis -- Rose's message -- The great collapse -- Flo and Minnie: the barn cats -- Saving the animals -- Joshua Rockwood -- "Good morning, equines" -- Fate -- Epilogue: What they told me, what they taught me.
"'There are so many benefits to learning how to communicate with animals. Love, trust, a spiritual connection that goes to the heart of the human-animal bond. Every time I listen to them, I learn about myself.' We seem to need animals in our disconnected lives more and more, yet we understand them less and less. [Here,] bestselling author Jon Katz--who left his Manhattan life behind two decades ago for life on a farm where he is surrounded by dogs, cats, sheep, horses, cows, goats, and chickens--draws from his experience to offer us a deeper insight into animals and the tools needed for effectively communicating with them. By better understanding animal instincts, recognizing they are not mere reflections of our own human emotions and neuroses, we can help them live happily in our shared world. Devoting each chapter to an animal who has played an important role in his life, Katz tells funny and illuminating stories about his profound experiences with them. He shows us how healthy engagement with animals falls into five key areas: Food, Movement, Visualization, Language, and Instincts. Along the way, we meet Simon the donkey, who arrives at Katz's farm near death and now serves as his Tai Chi partner. We meet Red the dog, who started out antisocial and untrained and is now a therapy dog working with veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan. And we meet Winston, the dignified and brave rooster who was injured defending his hens from a hawk and who has better 'interpersonal' skills than most humans. Thoughtful and intelligent, lively and heartwarming, this book will completely change the way you think about and interact with animals, building mutual trust and enduring connections."--Jacket.

Wolf nation : the life, death, and return of wild American wolves

May 4, 2017
Peterson, Brenda, 1950- author.
Boston, MA : Da Capo Press, 2017.
x, 292 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
"A Merloyd Lawrence book."

Meerkats

April 26, 2017
Mc Ilrath, Grant M., author.
©2016
240 pages : color illustrations ; 25 cm
Includes index.
Taxonomic classification -- Morphometrics - body characteristics and measurements -- Populations and distribution -- Habits -- Territories and burrow systems -- Parasites - body fluid burglars -- Thermoregulation -- Vocalisations -- Diet -- Predators and the hunted hunters -- The neighbourhood watch - costs and benefits of allies -- Guarding -- Hierarchy and dominance -- Grooming -- Reproduction -- Babysitting -- Play fighting -- Poetry inspired by meerkats -- Conservation and ecological importance -- The meerkat pet trade and rehabilitation concerns.
Meerkats offers unique insight into the world of this endearing creature, and is the first title on the subject written by a professionally qualified nature conservationist. Includes remarkable sequences of images of meerkats mobbing together to take on predators such as jackals, eagles and poisonous snakes, along with many other interesting behaviours. Meerkats truly are mammalian masters of multi-tasking.

Wetlands

April 21, 2017
Moore, Peter D.
New York : Facts on File, ©2008.
xviii, 270 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 29 cm.
Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- What are wetlands? -- Why are wetlands important? -- 1. Geography of wetlands -- The water cycle -- Evaporation and precipitation -- Transpiration and evaportranspiration -- Climate and the global distribution of wetlands -- Albedo -- The oceans and climate -- The oceanic conveyor belt -- Factors affecting wetland types -- Succession : wetland changes in time -- Conclusions -- 2. Geology and chemistry of wetlands -- The rock cycle -- The nature of water -- Acidity and pH -- Geology and rock weathering -- Particle size -- Erosion and leaching -- Hydrology of wetland catchments -- Hydrology of peat -- Darcy's law -- Geology of wetland catchments -- Lake sediments and their origins -- Peat deposits : origins and contents -- Wetland stratigraphy -- Stratigraphy and climate -- The Younger Dryas event -- Stratigraphy and wetland catchments -- Stratigraphy and archaeology Radiocarbin dating -- Microscopic stratigraphy : diatoms -- Microscopic stratigraphy : pollen -- Pollen grains -- Conclusions.
Provides information on the development and study of wetlands, as well as the future of wetlands in a rapidly changing environment.

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